This book, Professor Mackenzie tells us in the Preface, "is the outcome of a large plan." He says: "I had promised a good many years ago to write a book for Sonnenschein's Library of Philosophy, giving a comprehensive and connected survey of philosophical first principles, as these appear in the
This book, Professor Mackenzie tells us in the Preface, "is the outcome of a large plan." He says: "I had promised a good many years ago to write a book for Sonnenschein's Library of Philosophy, giving a comprehensive and connected survey of philosophical first principles, as these appear in the light of the most recent developments of thought." Before this promise could be fulfilled, Mr. Bradley's "Appearance and Reality" was published. "I decided for a time at least to abandon the larger scheme and attempt something smaller and more feasible. It seemed to me that a short introductory book might at least be of some use in helping students to a more easy understanding of the larger ones-a book that should aim chiefly at indicating the place and nature of the various metaphysical problems, rather than at thrashing them out in detail."
In preparing these outlines, Mr. Mackenzie has kept in view the purpose of an introduction rather than that of a text-book. He has been more anxious to present the problems, method, and results of a certain type of metaphysics than to acquaint the student with the different ways in which metaphysicians have conceived the problems and methods and have reached the results of their speculative task. '' It seemed to me that, in view of the recent constructive work that has been attempted in our own country, it ought now to be possible in a quite short sketch to give enough indication of the nature of the problems to enable the student to find his bearings among them'' (Preface). An introduction of this kind is likely to have more of the metaphysical spirit than the critically constructive survey of the development of metaphysical theories, yet it will not enable the student to gain a proper perspective and emancipate himself from the bondage of any particular theory.
Metaphysical speculation has turned mainly on that fundamental antithesis in our experience between self and not-self. Dualism arises from the simple acceptance of this antithesis as an ultimate fact. Materialism, idealism, agnosticism arise either from attempts to overcome it, or from despair of any ultimate solution. "Experience is much more of a piece than it is apt at first to appear." "The problem of metaphysics can no longer present itself as that of dealing with two opposing forms of reality." "The world of matter and the world of mind, in the only sense in which these two can beset in opposition to one another, are both ideal constructions." "They both stand in opposition to the raw material which is brought within such ideal systems." The antithesis between mind and matter must give place to that between thought and sense, "an opposition that can no longer be regarded as a sharp and final one.."..
-"The Philosophical Review," Volume 12! 1903]
- الفئات: كلاسيك
- غلاف الكتاب: غلاف عادي
- لغة الكتاب: الانجليزية
- الكاتب: John S. MacKenzie
- الناشر: Createspace
- رقم ال ISBN: 9781511836531
- عدد الصفحات: 192
- لأبعاد (الارتفاع*العرض*العمق): 9 x 6 x 0.41 inches