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The United States Air Force and the Culture of Innovation, 1945-1965 by Office of Air Force History, U. S. Air Force - Paperback
76.65 درهم

The United States Air Force and the Culture of Innovation, 1945-1965 by Office of Air Force History, U. S. Air Force - Paperback

كن أول من يقيِّم هذا المنتج 

76.65 درهم 

  - ستوفر -76.66 درهم
الأسعار تشمل ضريبة القيمة المضافة  التفاصيل
رقم ال ISBN
9781508712794
الفئات
تاريخ
الكاتب
Office of Air Force History, U. S. Air Force
الناشر
Createspace
الوصف:

Professor Stephen B. Johnson demonstrates in fine detail how the application of systems management by the United States Air Force to its ballistic missiles and computer programs not only produced critical new weapons, but also benefited American industry. Systems management harmonized the disparate goals of four interest groups. For the military it brought rapid technological progress; for ...

تشحن من الولايات المتحدة
اشحن الى دبي (تغيير المدينة)
التوصيل خلال السبت ٨ ديسمبر - الأحد ٩ ديسمبر الي دبي

حالة السلعة:
جديدة
البائع:
InternationalBookStore (85% تقييم ايجابي)

معلومات المنتج

  •  

    المواصفات

    رقم ال ISBN
    9781508712794
    الفئات
    تاريخ
    اللغات
    الانجليزية
    الرقم المميز للسلعة
    2724433876817
    المؤلفين
    الكاتب
    Office of Air Force History, U. S. Air Force
    رقم ال ISBN
    9781508712794
    الفئات
    تاريخ
    اللغات
    الانجليزية
    الرقم المميز للسلعة
    2724433876817
    المؤلفين
    الكاتب
    Office of Air Force History, U. S. Air Force
    المؤلفين
    الناشر
    Createspace
    معلومات تقنية
    غلاف الكتاب
    غلاف عادي
    اللغات والبلدان
    لغة الكتاب
    الانجليزية
    إقرأ المزيد
  •  

    الوصف:

    Professor Stephen B. Johnson demonstrates in fine detail how the application of systems management by the United States Air Force to its ballistic missiles and computer programs not only produced critical new weapons, but also benefited American industry. Systems management harmonized the disparate

    Professor Stephen B. Johnson demonstrates in fine detail how the application of systems management by the United States Air Force to its ballistic missiles and computer programs not only produced critical new weapons, but also benefited American industry. Systems management harmonized the disparate goals of four interest groups. For the military it brought rapid technological progress; for scientists, new products; for engineers, dependability; and for managers, predictable cost. The process evolved, beginning shortly after the end of World War II, when Gen. Henry H. "Hap" Arnold directed that the Army Air Forces (later the U.S. Air Force) continue its wartime collaboration with the scientific community. This started as a voluntary association, with the establishment of the Scientific Advisory Board and Project RAND. In the early 1950s, the Air Force reorganized its research and development (R&D) function with the creation of Air Research and Development Command (ARDC) and the Air Staff's office of deputy chief of staff for development (DCS/D), which were both aimed at controlling the scientists. The systems management approach evolved out of a jurisdictional conflict between ARDC and its rival, Air Materiel Command (AMC). The latter controlled R&D finances and was determined not to relinquish its prerogatives. Of course, ARDC argued that this was a case of having responsibility without the requisite authority. At first represented by Gen. Bernard A. Schriever's ballistic missiles program, ARDC bypassed traditional organizational structures. Schriever's Western Development Division (WDD), located at Inglewood, California, made its case, based upon the Soviet Union's nuclear threat, to engage in the race to develop longrange ballistic missiles. Ultimately, Schriever's new project management and weapons systems procedures-concurrency-produced a family of missile and space vehicles. However, in bypassing administrative red tape, this development also eliminated some necessary checks and balances that led to a series of flight test failures and cost overruns. Closely related to the missiles program was the air defense effort, centered at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Boston. Dr. Jay Forrester's Project Whirlwind evolved into large-scale, real-time computers. Again, as with the missiles program, once the Cold War waned, the government's emphasis shifted to cost control. When Schriever assumed command of ARDC, he transplanted his successful Inglewood model to all major weapons systems acquisition. Ironically, in the early 1960s, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara appropriated Schriever's procedures, using them to wield ever greater centralized control. Dr. Johnson shows that Air Force procedures were not only highly successful in terms of meeting the challenges of the Cold War, but also that their adoption by American industry propelled the nation to international prominence in aerospace and computing. Finally, he argues that while aerospace had experienced somewhat more difficulty adapting to consumer products than did the computer industry, the full implications of systems management were yet to be seen by the end of the Cold War.

    خصائص المنتج:
    • الفئات: تاريخ
    • غلاف الكتاب: غلاف عادي
    • لغة الكتاب: الانجليزية
    • الكاتب: Office of Air Force History, U. S. Air Force
    • الناشر: Createspace
    • رقم ال ISBN: 9781508712794
    • عدد الصفحات: 304
    • لأبعاد (الارتفاع*العرض*العمق): 10 x 7 x 0.64 inches
 

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